Tech

5G Speed: How to Understand the Numbers

How fast is 5G and how does it compare to 4G and LTE?

5G is the next generation of high-speed wireless internet. Exceeds 4G in speed less That’s a factor of 10, and it’s still faster than most people get from a wired broadband connection at home.

While that sounds impressive, it’s also hard to figure out what it really means to you when you’re using your phone or downloading something to your computer at home. How is 5G faster when it comes to normal tasks like downloading apps and streaming movies?

5G advanced VR and AR experiences, holographic phone calls, interconnected smart cities, and more. It’s easy to talk about how it can change the world. However, to understand how fast it really is, let’s look at more relevant real-life examples. .

5G speed: what the standards are looking for

For a network to be considered 5G, it must follow certain rules set by government authorities, such as 3GPP. One of these features is upload and download speed.

For a network to be called a network, there is a minimum maximum download speed and a minimum maximum upload speed. 5G networkmeans that each 5G base station must support speeds at least it’s quick :

  • 5G fastest download speed: 20 Gbps (gigabits per second) or 20,480 Mbps (megabits per second)
  • 5G fastest download speed: 10 Gbps (gigabits per second) or 10240 Mbps (megabits per second)

Note that these speeds are the same, they just use a different unit of measurement. Also note that bits are not the same as bytes (the measurements above are written in bits).

Convert gigabits to megabytes and gigabytes

Since there are eight bits in each byte, you need to divide them by eight to convert those 5G speeds into megabytes (MB) and gigabytes (GB). Since many measurements are in these units rather than megabits and gigabits, it is important to understand both.

Same 5G speeds, but in bytes instead of bits:

  • 5G fastest download speed: 2.5 GB/s (gigabytes per second) or 2560 MB/s (megabytes per second)
  • 5G fastest download speed: 1.25 GB/s (gigabytes per second) or 1280 MB/s (megabytes per second)

Minimum latency requirement

5G also has minimum latency requirements. Latency refers to the time interval between the base station sending data and the target device (like your phone) receiving the data.

5G requires a minimum latency of just 4ms assuming ideal conditions are met, but can go as low as 1ms for some forms of communication, especially ultra-reliable, low-latency communications (URLLC).

For comparison, latency on a 4G network can actually be around 50-100ms, which is twice as fast as the old 3G network.

True 5G network speeds

The metrics listed above essentially reflect 5G speeds with no lag or interference and ideally only if your device is the only one using that 5G cell.

Each 5G cell supports at least one million devices per square kilometer. Download and upload speeds are evenly distributed between each device in the same cell.

In other words, mobile users probably won’t experience the fastest download/upload speeds. However, these speeds are possible if you use a dedicated fixed wireless access (FWA) system where you don’t have to share bandwidth with other users.

For example, the three mobile network operators in the UK have achieved incredible download speeds of 2 Gbps in a Fixed Wireless Access (FWA) environment, but Three expects the typical user consumes only 80 to 100 Mbit/s.

However, how fast is 5G, really? What internet speeds can you expect if you were to sign up now?

Factors Affecting Speed

Unfortunately, the answer is not so simple. Actual 5G speeds depend not only on where you are when accessing the network, but also on other factors such as the hardware you are using, the speeds the network is capable of, the number of other users sharing more than 20 Gb/s and other factors. What type of interference do you have with the 5G transmission cell?

For example, Verizon being one of the first companies to deploy 5G in the US, we might see a Verizon 5G Home user with FWA achieve between 300 Mbps and 1 Gbps. Not only does Verizon’s 5G broadband service guarantee those speeds, but users are reporting the same.

Speed ​​ratings

Beyond the stats we can gather with live 5G networks today, there is carrier speculation. For example, T-Mobile states that the average speed a user can expect is 450 Mbps; this is expected to reach up to 4 Gbps by 2024.

Some companies have measured a lot faster 5G speeds. Japanese NTT DOCOMO exceeded 25 Gbps in a 5G test involving a mobile vehicle.

That said, it’s still important to remember all of the factors at play that affect 5G speed. Being indoors can sometimes significantly reduce speed, and moving around in a car or even walking down the street can bring top speeds to a standstill.

What 5G wireless speed means to you

As we mentioned above, without examples it can be difficult to visualize what you can do on a 5G network versus a 4G network or any slower connection.

Consider this: you download a 3GB movie using 5G, 4G, 4G LTE, and 3G networks. Here’s how long it might take to download the movie on these different types of mobile networks (using realistic speeds, not maximum speeds):

  • 3G: 1 hour, 8 minutesa
  • 4G: 40 minutes2nd
  • 4G LTE: 27 minutes3
  • Gigabit LTE: 61 seconds4
  • 5G: 35 seconds5

Note that these numbers are only averages. If your 5G connection reached 20 Gbps, the same movie could be recorded in the blink of an eye, in just over a second.

How fast is 5G really?

Here are some other examples of how long it will take to download files of different sizes on a 5G network, assuming different speeds:

  • 1Gbps: Two seconds to download 75 JPG images (300MB total)
  • 5 Gbps: Eight seconds to download two full seasons Office (about 5 GB) via Netflix
  • 15 Gbps: One minute to download a 105GB archive of your online backed up data
  • 20 Gbps: Less than two minutes to download Avatar: Special Edition (276 GB)

Certainly, everything Most of your online activity is faster on 5G, but looking at very large files like the examples above really shows how fast things can go on 5G.

1) If the average 3G connection is 6Mbps (0.75MB/s), it takes more than 1 hour (3072/0.75/60) to download a 3GB (3072MB) file.

2) With an average download speed of 10Mbps (1.25MB/s), a 3GB (3072MB) movie can be fully downloaded in just over 40 minutes (3072/1.25/60) .

3) Considering the average download speed of 15 Mbps (1.87 MB/s) for 4G LTE, you can download a 3 GB (3072 MB) file in just over 27 minutes (3072/1 ,87/60).

4) With a download speed of 400Mbps (50MB/s), it takes just over a minute (3072/50) to download a 3GB (3072MB) file.

5) A 3GB (3072MB) file can be downloaded in just 35 seconds (3072/87.5) assuming the download speed is 700MB/s (87.5MB/s).


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5G Speed: How to Understand the Numbers

How fast is 5G, and how does it compare to 4G and LTE?

5G is the next generation of high-speed wireless internet. It surpasses 4G in speed by at least a factor of 10, and is even faster than most people get from their wired broadband connection at home.

While that might sound impressive, it’s also hard to understand what this really means for you when you’re using your phone or downloading something at home on your computer. How is 5G faster when it comes to regular tasks like downloading apps and streaming movies?

It’s easy to talk about how 5G can change the world, like enabling enhanced VR and AR experiences, holographic phone calls, interconnected smart cities, etc. However, to understand how fast it really is, let’s look at some more relatable, real world examples.

5G Speed: What the Standards Call For

For a network to be considered 5G, it has to abide by certain rules set by governing authorities like 3GPP. One of those specifications is speed for uploads and downloads.

There’s a minimum peak download rate and a minimum peak upload rate for a network to be called a 5G network, meaning that each 5G base station has to support speeds at least this fast:

5G peak download speed: 20 Gb/s (gigabits per second), or 20,480 Mb/s (megabits per second)
5G peak upload speed: 10 Gb/s (gigabits per second), or 10,240 Mb/s (megabits per second)
Keep in mind that those speeds are identical, they’re just using a different unit of measurement. Also remember that bits are not the same as bytes (the above measurements are written in bits).
Converting Gigabits to Megabytes and Gigabytes

Because there are eight bits in every byte, to convert those 5G speeds into megabytes (MB) and gigabytes (GB), you have to divide them by eight. Many measurements are in these units instead of megabits and gigabits, so it’s important to understand both.

There are the same 5G speeds but in bytes instead of bits:

5G peak download speed: 2.5 GB/s (gigabytes per second), or 2,560 MB/s (megabytes per second)
5G peak upload speed: 1.25 GB/s (gigabytes per second), or 1,280 MB/s (megabytes per second)
Minimum Latency Requirement

5G also has a minimum latency requirement. Latency refers to the time lapse between when the cell tower sends data and when the destination device (like your phone) receives the data.

5G requires a minimum latency of just 4 ms assuming that ideal conditions are met, but could drop as low as 1 ms for some forms of communication, particularly ultra-reliable and low-latency communications (URLLC).

For comparison, the latency on a 4G network might be around 50–100 ms, which is actually more than twice as fast as the older 3G network.
Actual 5G Network Speeds

The measurements listed above are a reflection of 5G speeds in ideal conditions with basically no latency or interference, and only if your device is the only one using that 5G cell.

Every 5G cell supports, at minimum, one million devices for every square kilometer. Download and upload speed is split equally between every device on the same cell.

In other words, mobile users probably won’t experience peak download/upload speeds. However, it is possible to get those speeds if you’re using a dedicated, fixed wireless access (FWA) system where you don’t have to split the bandwidth with other users.

For example, UK’s Three mobile network operator achieved a whopping 2 Gb/s download speed on a fixed wireless access (FWA) environment, but Three expects the typical user to pull in just 80 to 100 Mb/s.

That being said, how fast is 5G, really? If you were to sign up right now, what internet speeds could you expect?

Factors That Affect Speed

Unfortunately, the answer isn’t so straightforward. Actual 5G speeds depend on not only where you’re located when you access the network but other factors like the hardware you’re using, the speeds the network is capable of, how many other users are sharing the 20+ Gb/s, and what type of interference is at play between you and the cell delivering 5G.

With Verizon, for example, which was one of the first companies to release 5G in the United States, we can see that a Verizon 5G Home user with FWA can get anywhere from 300 Mb/s to 1 Gb/s. Not only does Verizon’s 5G broadband service guarantee such speeds, users reports the same.

Speed Predictions

Beyond stats we can gather today with live 5G networks, are speculations made by carriers. T-Mobile, for example, says 450 Mb/s is the average speed a user can expect; this is expected to go as high as 4 Gb/s by 2024.

Some companies have measured much faster 5G speeds. Japan’s NTT DOCOMO achieved over 25 Gb/s during a 5G trial involving a moving vehicle.

That said, it’s still important to remember all the factors at play that impact 5G speed. Being indoors can sometimes drastically cut down on the speed, and moving in a car or even walking down the street can bring top speeds to a halt.

What 5G’s Wireless Speed Means for You

Like we mentioned above, without examples, it can be difficult to visualize what you can do on a 5G network vs a 4G network, or any other slower connection.

Consider this: You download a movie that’s 3 GB in size, using 5G, 4G, 4G LTE, and 3G networks. Here’s how long it might take to download the movie on those different kinds of mobile networks (using realistic speeds, not peak speeds):

3G: 1 hour, 8 minutes1
4G: 40 minutes2
4G LTE: 27 minutes3
Gigabit LTE: 61 seconds4
5G: 35 seconds5
Remember that these numbers are only averages. If your 5G connection were to reach speeds of 20 Gb/s, the same movie could be saved in the blink of an eye, in just over one second.
How Fast Is 5G—Really?

Here are some other examples of how long it would take to download different sized files on a 5G network, assuming different speeds:

1 Gb/s: Two seconds to download 75 JPG images (300 MB total)
5 Gb/s: Eight seconds to download two full seasons of The Office (around 5 GB) through Netflix
15 Gb/s: One minute to download a 105 GB archive of your data backed up online
20 Gb/s: Under two minutes to download Avatar: Special Edition (276 GB)

Of course, all of your online activities are faster on 5G but looking at really big files, like in the examples above, really show how incredibly fast things can be on 5G.

1) If the 3G connection averaged 6 Mb/s (0.75 MB/s), a 3 GB file (3,072 MB) would take over an hour to download (3072/0.75/60).

2) With an average download speed of 10 Mb/s (1.25 MB/s), a 3 GB movie (3,072 MB) can be downloaded fully in just over 40 minutes (3072/1.25/60).

3) Given a 15 Mb/s (1.87 MB/s) average download speed for 4G LTE, you could download a 3 GB file (3,072 MB) in just over 27 minutes (3072/1.87/60).

4) With a 400 Mb/s (50 MB/s) download speed, a 3 GB file (3,072 MB) would take just over a minute to download (3072/50).

5) Assuming a download speed of 700 Mb/s (87.5 MB/s), a 3 GB file (3,072 MB) could be downloaded in just 35 seconds (3072/87.5).

#Speed #Understand #Numbers

5G Speed: How to Understand the Numbers

How fast is 5G, and how does it compare to 4G and LTE?

5G is the next generation of high-speed wireless internet. It surpasses 4G in speed by at least a factor of 10, and is even faster than most people get from their wired broadband connection at home.

While that might sound impressive, it’s also hard to understand what this really means for you when you’re using your phone or downloading something at home on your computer. How is 5G faster when it comes to regular tasks like downloading apps and streaming movies?

It’s easy to talk about how 5G can change the world, like enabling enhanced VR and AR experiences, holographic phone calls, interconnected smart cities, etc. However, to understand how fast it really is, let’s look at some more relatable, real world examples.

5G Speed: What the Standards Call For

For a network to be considered 5G, it has to abide by certain rules set by governing authorities like 3GPP. One of those specifications is speed for uploads and downloads.

There’s a minimum peak download rate and a minimum peak upload rate for a network to be called a 5G network, meaning that each 5G base station has to support speeds at least this fast:

5G peak download speed: 20 Gb/s (gigabits per second), or 20,480 Mb/s (megabits per second)
5G peak upload speed: 10 Gb/s (gigabits per second), or 10,240 Mb/s (megabits per second)
Keep in mind that those speeds are identical, they’re just using a different unit of measurement. Also remember that bits are not the same as bytes (the above measurements are written in bits).
Converting Gigabits to Megabytes and Gigabytes

Because there are eight bits in every byte, to convert those 5G speeds into megabytes (MB) and gigabytes (GB), you have to divide them by eight. Many measurements are in these units instead of megabits and gigabits, so it’s important to understand both.

There are the same 5G speeds but in bytes instead of bits:

5G peak download speed: 2.5 GB/s (gigabytes per second), or 2,560 MB/s (megabytes per second)
5G peak upload speed: 1.25 GB/s (gigabytes per second), or 1,280 MB/s (megabytes per second)
Minimum Latency Requirement

5G also has a minimum latency requirement. Latency refers to the time lapse between when the cell tower sends data and when the destination device (like your phone) receives the data.

5G requires a minimum latency of just 4 ms assuming that ideal conditions are met, but could drop as low as 1 ms for some forms of communication, particularly ultra-reliable and low-latency communications (URLLC).

For comparison, the latency on a 4G network might be around 50–100 ms, which is actually more than twice as fast as the older 3G network.
Actual 5G Network Speeds

The measurements listed above are a reflection of 5G speeds in ideal conditions with basically no latency or interference, and only if your device is the only one using that 5G cell.

Every 5G cell supports, at minimum, one million devices for every square kilometer. Download and upload speed is split equally between every device on the same cell.

In other words, mobile users probably won’t experience peak download/upload speeds. However, it is possible to get those speeds if you’re using a dedicated, fixed wireless access (FWA) system where you don’t have to split the bandwidth with other users.

For example, UK’s Three mobile network operator achieved a whopping 2 Gb/s download speed on a fixed wireless access (FWA) environment, but Three expects the typical user to pull in just 80 to 100 Mb/s.

That being said, how fast is 5G, really? If you were to sign up right now, what internet speeds could you expect?

Factors That Affect Speed

Unfortunately, the answer isn’t so straightforward. Actual 5G speeds depend on not only where you’re located when you access the network but other factors like the hardware you’re using, the speeds the network is capable of, how many other users are sharing the 20+ Gb/s, and what type of interference is at play between you and the cell delivering 5G.

With Verizon, for example, which was one of the first companies to release 5G in the United States, we can see that a Verizon 5G Home user with FWA can get anywhere from 300 Mb/s to 1 Gb/s. Not only does Verizon’s 5G broadband service guarantee such speeds, users reports the same.

Speed Predictions

Beyond stats we can gather today with live 5G networks, are speculations made by carriers. T-Mobile, for example, says 450 Mb/s is the average speed a user can expect; this is expected to go as high as 4 Gb/s by 2024.

Some companies have measured much faster 5G speeds. Japan’s NTT DOCOMO achieved over 25 Gb/s during a 5G trial involving a moving vehicle.

That said, it’s still important to remember all the factors at play that impact 5G speed. Being indoors can sometimes drastically cut down on the speed, and moving in a car or even walking down the street can bring top speeds to a halt.

What 5G’s Wireless Speed Means for You

Like we mentioned above, without examples, it can be difficult to visualize what you can do on a 5G network vs a 4G network, or any other slower connection.

Consider this: You download a movie that’s 3 GB in size, using 5G, 4G, 4G LTE, and 3G networks. Here’s how long it might take to download the movie on those different kinds of mobile networks (using realistic speeds, not peak speeds):

3G: 1 hour, 8 minutes1
4G: 40 minutes2
4G LTE: 27 minutes3
Gigabit LTE: 61 seconds4
5G: 35 seconds5
Remember that these numbers are only averages. If your 5G connection were to reach speeds of 20 Gb/s, the same movie could be saved in the blink of an eye, in just over one second.
How Fast Is 5G—Really?

Here are some other examples of how long it would take to download different sized files on a 5G network, assuming different speeds:

1 Gb/s: Two seconds to download 75 JPG images (300 MB total)
5 Gb/s: Eight seconds to download two full seasons of The Office (around 5 GB) through Netflix
15 Gb/s: One minute to download a 105 GB archive of your data backed up online
20 Gb/s: Under two minutes to download Avatar: Special Edition (276 GB)

Of course, all of your online activities are faster on 5G but looking at really big files, like in the examples above, really show how incredibly fast things can be on 5G.

1) If the 3G connection averaged 6 Mb/s (0.75 MB/s), a 3 GB file (3,072 MB) would take over an hour to download (3072/0.75/60).

2) With an average download speed of 10 Mb/s (1.25 MB/s), a 3 GB movie (3,072 MB) can be downloaded fully in just over 40 minutes (3072/1.25/60).

3) Given a 15 Mb/s (1.87 MB/s) average download speed for 4G LTE, you could download a 3 GB file (3,072 MB) in just over 27 minutes (3072/1.87/60).

4) With a 400 Mb/s (50 MB/s) download speed, a 3 GB file (3,072 MB) would take just over a minute to download (3072/50).

5) Assuming a download speed of 700 Mb/s (87.5 MB/s), a 3 GB file (3,072 MB) could be downloaded in just 35 seconds (3072/87.5).

#Speed #Understand #Numbers


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