Tiếng Anh

Giải bài tập Tiếng Anh 8, unit 14: Wonders of the world.

Giải bài tập Tiếng Anh 8, unit 14: Wonders of the world.
I. Match the names of the famous world landmarks to the suitable places.
 
1. Taj Mahal                            a. Cambodia
2. Phong Nha Cave                 b. Australia
3. Golden Gate Bridge             c. England
4. Great Wall of China            d. France
5. Angkor Wat                        e. Malaysia
6. Petronas Twin Towers        f. The United States
7. Great Barrier Reef               g. China
8. Eiffel Tower                        h. Egypt
9. Big Ben                               i. India
10. The Pyramid of Cheops    j. Vietnam
 
II. Complete the passage with the correct form of the verbs in the box.
Design –  be – recognize –  visit –  be  – erect
 
The Eiffel Tower (1)…… in Paris, France. It (2)………   by millions of people every year. It (3)……   by Alexandre Eiffel (1832 – 1923). It (4)    in 1889 for the Paris exposition. Since that time, it (5) ……..the most famous landmark in Paris. Today it (6) ……… by people throughout the world.
 
III. Write complete sentences, using the verbs in the past passive form.

Ex: Eiffel Tower/ design/ Alexandre Gustave Eiffel/ 1889
Eiffel Tower was designed by Alexandre Gustave Eiffel in 1889.
 
1. Angkor Wat/ build/ the early 12th century.
…………………………………………………………………….
 
2. Golden Gate Bridge/ open/ 1937.
…………………………………………………………………….
 
3. Grand Canyon/ excavate/ the Colorado River.
…………………………………………………………………….
 
4. The faces of four American presidents/ carve/ Gutzon Borglum/ 1927 to 1941.
…………………………………………………………………….
 
5. Empire State Building/ complete/ 1931.
…………………………………………………………………….
 
6. Temple of Artemis/ destroy/ the Goths/ AD 262.
…………………………………………………………………….
 
7. The Statue of Liberty/ make/ French people.
…………………………………………………………………….
 
8. Quoc Tu Giam/ establish/ 1076.
…………………………………………………………………….
 
IV. Underline the verb form that best completes each of the following sentences.
 
1. I like listening to music while I am studying/ was studying/ was studied.
2. Her teacher was angry because she wasn’t finished/ didn’t finish the homework.
3. We were waking up/ were woken up by a loud noise during the night.
4. John was looking/ was looked for some music CDs when he was telling/ was told it was closing time.
5. The exercise was very difficult, but everything was answered / could answer correctly by nearly half of us.
6. Mom said we could eat I could be eaten the meat and the chicken, but not the fish. It wasn’t ordered/ didn’t order for us. It was for Dad.
7. The accident caused/ was caused by the truck driver, who was driving/ was driven too fast.
8. I was invited/ invited into an office, offered a cup of tea, and ask/ asking/ asked to wait.
9. We didn’t play/ wasn’t played/ wasn’t playing football yesterday. The match cancelled /was cancelled.
10. A new bridge was built/ is being built across the river. Work started/ was started last year and the bridge will expect/ is expected to open next year.
 
V. Turn the following questions into indirect speech.
 
Ex: Mary asked me, “Do you want to visit London?”
Mary asked me if / whether I wanted to visit London.
 
1. She said, “Can you speak Spanish, Minh?”.
…………………………………………………………………….
 
2. Thanh said to her teacher, “Will I finish my exercise at home?”
…………………………………………………………………….
 
3. Nien asked Hoa, “Do you have many new friends?”
…………………………………………………………………….
 
4. My friend said, “Are you going to leave tomorrow?”
…………………………………………………………………….
 
5. They said to us, “Must you go now?”
…………………………………………………………………….
 
6. I asked Nam, “Are you free tonight?”
…………………………………………………………………….
 
7. She asked the tourists, “ Do you know the way to the station?”
…………………………………………………………………….
 
8. John said, “Is Phong Nha Cave in southern Vietnam, Nhi?”
…………………………………………………………………….
 
9. The visitors said, “Can we take photos?”
…………………………………………………………………….
 
10 .Daniel said to Jim, “Is there a cafe nearby?”
…………………………………………………………………….
 
V. Turn the following sentences info indirect speech.
 
1. “Don’t forget to post the letter,” he said to me.
…………………………………………………………………….
 
2. “I am visiting Hoi An now,” Nhi said.
…………………………………………………………………….
 
3. “Can you open your bag, please?” said the customs officer.
…………………………………………………………………….
 
4. “I don’t know how to do this exercise,” Johnny said.
…………………………………………………………………….
 
5. “I must stay at home tomorrow,” she said.
…………………………………………………………………….
 
6. “Do you like this place?” Hoa asked Tim. “No, I don’t,” Tim said.
…………………………………………………………………….
 
7. “The clock will never work again if you try to repair it,” the man said to Nam.
…………………………………………………………………….
 
8. “Is Mount Everest the highest mountain in the world?” the teacher asked Nga. “Yes, it is,” she replied.
…………………………………………………………………….
 
9. “Are you going to visit Phong Nha Cave?” Hoa said to Nga.
…………………………………………………………………….
 
10. “Send me a postcard when you arrive in Paris,” Jane said to Tim.
…………………………………………………………………….
 
VII. Put the verb into the correct form, to-infinitive or verb-ing.

1. It was late, so we decided ………(take) a taxi home.
2. We were hungry, so I suggested ………..(have) dinner early.
3. When I’m tired, I enjoy ……….(watch) television.
4. Would you like  ……….(come) to dinner on Friday?
5. It started a …….(rain) when they left home.
6. Would you mind ……..(close) the door?
7. He stopped ……..(talk), then tried ……..(lift) a box into a lorry.
8. Don’t forget ……..(turn off) the lights before ……….(go) out.
9. Can you help ………(iron) the clothes? I hate ……..(do) the ironing.
10.I hope ……..(finish)…………….. (paint) the house by the end of the week.
 
VIII. Complete the dialogues, using What, Where, How, When, Who, Whether, How much + one of the verbs in the box.
Do – go –  get –  use –  invite – say –  buy –  spend –  pay
 
1. A: Could you show me how to get to the station?
B: Sure. Go straight ahead. It’s on your right.
 
2. A: Have you decided …….. for your holidays?
B: Yes, San Francisco.
 
3. A: I’ll show you ……. this washing machine.
B: Thanks a lot.
 
4. A: When someone asks me about my plans for future, I don’t know……….
B: Really? You don’t have any plan, do you?
 
5. A: I wonder …………. to my birthday party. Can you suggest some?
B: Certainly. Susan, Gary, Joanna, and some classmates.
 
6. A: Are you going to buy that sweater?
B: I don’t know ……………. it or not.
 
7. A: Would you know……….. if there was a fire in the building?
B: Of course. I’ve informed about this.
 
8. A: Tell me …………..   the money to the bank.
B: Next month.
 
9. A: How much money should we spend on the Christmas present?
B: I’ve no idea   ………..   on it.
 
IX. Read the passage carefully, then write true (T) or false (F) for the following sentences.
 
Taj Mahal is the most famous of all India’s ancient buildings and a prime monument of Mughal Art. It was built as the mausoleum of Arjumand Banu Bagam, known as Mumtaz Mahal, wife of Shan Jahan. The Taj Mahal was built on the Yamuna river in 1630. It took 22 years to construct; 20, 000 men were said to have been involved in the project. The tomb is over 73 meters high, and is lavishly decorated with Koranic inscriptions and carved reliefs.
 
1. Taj Mahal is a(n) …………………….
 
a: ancient temple                     b. ancient mausoleum
c. Mughal Art                          d. famous cemetery
 
2. Taj Mahal-was built for ………………
 
a. Mughal Art    b. Shan Jahan    c. Mumtaz Mahal   d. India’s ancestors
 
3. Taj Mahal was completed in ……………
 
a. 1608       b. 1630       c. 1652        d. 1850
 
4. Taj Mahal is decorated with ……………..
 
a. words in the Koran              b. floral designs
c. sunk cavings                        d. lavish structures
 
TEST FOR UNIT 14
 
I. Choose the word that has the underlined part pronounced differently from that of the others.
 
1. a. coral                       b. tower              c. bored                d. honor
2. a. famous                   b. suggest            c. tourist              d. century
3. a. hour                        b. honor               c. honest              d. how
4. a. empire                    b. bridge               c. liberty              d. pyramid
5. a. cave                        b. statute              c. bay                d. ancient
 
II. Choose the correct words or phrases to fill in the blanks.
 
1. I must go now. I promised …………. late.
 
a. not being    b. not to be    c. to not be      d. I won’t be
 
2. Tom …….his hand when he was cooking the dinner.
 
a. burnt       b. was burning     c. has burnt  d. burns
 
3. She asked me …………. a driving licence.
 
a. if I have            b. whether I have           c. if I had  d. whether I have had
 
4. Have you decide where for your holidays?
 
a. going       b. to go       c. will you go   d. you went
 
5. The Pyramid of Cheops is one of the seven …………of the world .
 
a. Pyramids                    b. temples             c. landmarks         d. wonders 
 
6. My father used ……..  a lot, but now he stop……… .
 
a. to smoke/ smoking              b. to smoking/ smoking
c. to smoke/ to smoke              d. smoking/ smoking
 
7. They had their luggage …………… by the porter .
 
a. carry       b. carrying            c. to carry    d. carried
 
8. In order to keep fit, we should do exercises ………….
 
a. regular    b. regularly                    c. regulating          d. regulation
 
9. Many people that there were other wonders, which the ancient
Greeks knew nothing about.
 
a. blame      b. wonder             c. claim                 d. suggest
 
10. She is always asking me if the Great Wall of China …….. one of the wonders of the world.
 
a. is             b. was                   c. will be               d. has been
 
III. Complete the passage with the suitable words from the box.
Reveal –  ordinary –  pyramid – scientific –  wonders –  its – tomb – found
 
The Great Pyramid of Giza was built as a (1)……   of Pharaoh Cheops in 2720 BC. Although it was built a long time ago, (2)…..  construction makes it one of the true (3)……  of the world. The four sides of the (4 )….. are put almost exactly on true north, south, east and west.
 
Explorations and detailed examinations of the base of the structure (5)…. many interesting lines. Further (6)……  study indicates that these represent a type of line of event – past, present and future. Many of the events have been interpreted and (7)…..  to coincide with known facts of the past.
 
Was this super struture made by (8)…… beings, or one built by a race far superior to any known today?
 
IV. Change the following sentences into the opposite voice (active or passive).
 
1. Alexandre Eiffel designed the Eiffel Tower for the Paris World’s Fair of 1889.
……………………………………………………………………………….
 
2: His painting will be exhibited for the first time by New Arts gallery.
……………………………………………………………………………….
 
3. People said that the Pyramids of Egypt is one of the wonders of the world.
……………………………………………………………………………….
 
4. They have to change the plan to Florida because of the rough weather.
……………………………………………………………………………….
 
5. He is being questioned about the stolen goods by the police.
……………………………………………………………………………….
 
6. Were you taught how to apply this theory by your teacher?
……………………………………………………………………………….
 
7. They usually hold the concerts at the university.
……………………………………………………………………………….
 
8. They have already finished their work as requested.
……………………………………………………………………………….
 
V. Choose the word or phrase that needs correcting.
 
1. I decided changing jobs because my boss makes me work overtime.
          A         B                                             C         D
 
2. Why would you rather stay home to go out tonight
               A            B       C            D
 
3. Angkor Wat should really be known as a wonder because it is
                                            A                               B
largest temple in the world.
C                      D.
 
4. Jim wanted to know could you call him and told him where to meet you.
             A                    B                             C                        D
  
5. She didn’t know how to run this machine, so she asked me help her.
              A                     B                                     C              D
 
6. Many people claim that there were other wonders, that the ancient
                         A                     B                            C
Greeks knew nothing about.
                D
 
7. Could you tell me when the next train leaves and where buy tickets?
        A                     B                           C                        D
 
8. Many people claim that the Great Wall of China should be known
                         A                                                           B
as one of the wonder of the world.
C                      D
 
9. I asked Nga whether Petronas Twin Tower in Malaysia was
                            A                                                      B
the highest building of the world.
C                                 D
 
10. The Eiffel Tower has designed by the French civil engineer Alexander
                                A                 B

Gustave Eiffel for the Paris World’s Fair of 1889.
                      C                                   D
 
VI. Read the passage, then choose the correct answer.
 
Of all the natural wonders of the world, few are as spectacular as Niagara Falls. Located on the Niagara river along the border between the United States and Canada, Niagara actually consists of two falls, the American Falls and the Horseshoe Falls. The former is on the US side of the border, in the state of New York, while the latter is on the Canadian side. About 85% of the water in Niagara River flows over the Hourseshoe Falls, which is the more impressive of the two falls.
 
About 10 million people visit the falls each year, most during the summer tourist season. Sightseers can ride steamers up close to the boiling water of the falls, or view them from parks on both sides of the river. Niagara Falls has long been a popular honeymoon destination for newlyweds.
 
1. Which of the following is entirely on the US side?
 
a. Niagara River             b. American Falls
c. Niagara Falls              d. Horseshoe Falls
 
2. It can be inferred from the passage that Horseshoe Falls ……… 
 
a. is the larger of the two falls.
b. is the less impressive fall.
c. is in the state of New York
d. has 15% of the Niagara River flowing over its edge.
 
3. According to the passage, where can people watch the falls?
 
a. From trains.               b. From airplanes
c. From parks or boats d. From cars or buses
 
4. In line 10, the word ‘them’ refers to ……….
 
a. steamers b. sightseers         c. parks       d. waterfalls
 
5. According to the passage, Niagara Falls ………..
 
a. is a favorite spot of newlyweds
b. generates very hot water
c. can be viewed from only one side of Niagara Falls
d. is only busy during the summer tourist season
 
VII. Complete the second sentences so that it has the same meaning to the first.
Use the word in brackets.
 
1. The table and the desk are the same size. (big)
……………………………………………………………………..
 
2. Clair and her sister intend to spend summer holidays in Bali. (going)
……………………………………………………………………..
 
3. Could you tell me the way to the Oxford Street, please? (mind)
……………………………………………………………………..
 
4. Martin to Susan: Can you work on Saturdays? (asked)
……………………………………………………………………..
 
5. When I was young, I regularly travel around the country. (used)
……………………………………………………………………..
 
6. His hobby is to collect stamps. (fond)
……………………………………………………………………..
 
7.  Etienne Lenoir made the first motor car. (by)
……………………………………………………………………..
 
8.  Anna to Mike: Would you like to join me for lunch? (invited)
……………………………………………………………………..
 
9. Everyone agreed that the plan should go ahead. (it)
……………………………………………………………………..
 
10. People say exercise is good for you. (be)
……………………………………………………………………..
ANSWER KEY
I. 1. i             2. j   3. f    4. g    5. a    6. e    7. b    8. d    9. c    10.
 
II. 1.  is                3. was designed    5. has been
     2. is visited      4. was erected       6. is recognized
 
III. 1. Angkor Wat was built in the early 12th century.
2. Golden Gate Bridge was opened in 1937.
3. Grand Canyon was excavated by the Colorado River.
4. The faces of four American presidents were carved by Gutzon Borglum from 1927 to 1941.
5. Empire State Building was completed in 1931.
6. The temple of Artemis was destroyed by the Goths in AD 262.
7. The Statue of Liberty was made by French people.
8. Quoc Tu Giam was established in 1076.
 
IV. 1. am studying                   6. Could eat – wasn’t ordered
2. didn’t finish                         7. Was caused – was driving
3. were woken up                     8. Was invited – asked
4. was looking – was told        9. Didn’t play – was cancelled
5. was answered                       10. Is being built – started – is expected
 
V. 1. She asked Minh if / whether he could speak Spanish.
2. Thanh asked her teacher if/ whether she would finish her exercise at home:
3. Nien asked Hoa if /  whether she had many new friends.
4. My friend asked me if / whether I was going to leave the next day.
5. They asked us if/ whether we had to go then.
6. I asked Nam if/ whether he was free that night.
7. She asked the tourists if/ whether they knew the way to the station.
8. John asked Nhi if / whether Phong Nha Cave was in southern Vietnam.
9. The visitors asked if/ whether they could take photos.
10. Daniel asked Jim if/ whether there was a café nearby.
 
VI. 1. He told/ asked me not to forget to post the letter.
2. Nhi said she was visiting Hoi An then.
3. The customs officer asked me to open my bag.
4. Johnny said he didn’t know how to do that exercise.
5. She said she had to stay at home the next day.
6. Hoa asked Tim if he liked that place. He said he didn’t.
7. The man told Nam that the clock would never work again if he tried to repair it.
8. The teacher asked Nga whether Mount Everest was the highest mountain in the world. She said that it was.
9. Hoa asked Nga if she was going to visit Phong Nha Cave.
10. Jane asked Tim to send her a postcard when he arrived in Paris.
 
VII.   1. to take    4. to come   7. talking – to lift 10. to finish – painting
2. having     5. to rain     8. to turn off – going
3. watching           6. closing    9. to iron – doing
 
VIII. 2.where to go        5. who to invite              8. when to pay
3. how to use        6. whether to buy                     9. how much to spend
4. what to say      7. what to do 
 
IX. 1. b 2. c 3. c 4. a
 
TEST FOR UNIT 14
 
I. 1. b          2. c    3. d    4. a    5. b
 
II. 1.b         2. a    3. c    4. b    5. d    6. a    7. d    8. b    9. c    10. a
 
III.    1. tomb                 2. its                     3. wonders           4. pyramid
          5. reveal              6. scientific           7. found                8. Ordinary
 
IV. 1. The Eiffel Tower was designed by Alexandre Eiffel for the Paris World’s Fair of 1889.  
2. New Arts gallery will exhibit his painting for the first time.
3. It was said that the Pyramids of Egypt is one of the wonders of the world./ The Pyramids of Egypt was said to be one of the wonders of the world.
4. The plan to Florida has to be changed because of the rough weather.
5. The police is questioning him about the stolen goods.
6. Did your teacher teach you how to apply this theory?
7. The concerts are usually held at the university.
8. Their work has already been finished as requested.

V.      1. B (to change)    2. D (than)           3. C (the largest temple)
         4. B (if you could) 5. D (to help)       6. C (which)
         7. D (to buy)        8. D (wonders)     9. D (in the world)         10. A (was)
 
VI.  1.b       2. a    3. c    4. d    5. a .
 
VIII. 1. The table is as big as the desk.
2. Clair and her sister are going to spend summer holidays in Bali.
3. Would you mind telling me the way to the Oxford Street.
4. Martin aksed Susan if she could work on Saturdays.
5. When I was young I used to travel around the country.
6. He is fond of collecting stamps.
7. The first motor car was made by Etienne Lenoir.
8. Anna invited Mike to join her for lunch.
9. It was agreed that the plan should go ahead.
10. Exercise is said to be good for you.

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